LEGNICA

LEGNICA (Ger. Liegnitz), town in Lower Silesia, Wroclaw province, S.W. Poland. The first reliable evidence of Jewish settlement dates from 1301, although Jews were probably resident in the city by the end of the 13th century. A "Judenstadt"(Civitas Judeorum) is mentioned in 1317. In 1345 the burghers were permitted by the duke to use Jewish gravestones for construction purposes; at that time a synagogue was also in existence. Following the agitations of john of capistrano in 1453 all but two of the residents were expelled from the Jewish street. These were arrested and perished in the burning jail. A few Jews were allowed to reside in the town in the 16th century but under severe restrictions. In 1812 some Jews settled in the town, establishing a prayer hall and cemetery (1815). By 1840 it had 254 Jews, rising to 970 (2.61% of the total population) in 1880. Subsequently the number of Jews remained stable, although their percentage of the total population declined. In 1932 the Orthodox community maintained a rabbi, two cantor-teachers, a library, mikveh, school, and a home for the aged (founded 1928). On the night of Nov. 10, 1938 the synagogue was set on fire. The community was forced to sell the property, which was converted into a parking lot, at a fraction of its value, and pay for clearing away the ruins. By May 1939 only 188 Jews remained; 41 of these were deported to theresienstadt on July 27, 1941. After the war a new community was organized, but by 1970 it had dwindled to only a few Jews. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Peritz, Aus der Geschichte der juedischen Gemeinde zu Liegnitz (1912); M. Krieg, in: Juedische Familien-Forsc-hung, 1 (1925–27), 144–7; E. Wolbe, ibid., 2 (1928–30), 155–7; G. Helm-rich, Geschichte der Juden in Liegnitz (1938); FJW, 100; Germ Jud, 1 (1963), 159; 2 (1968), 480–1; PK Germanyah.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Legnica — Héraldique Drapeau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Legnica —   [lɛg nitsa], polnischer Name für Liegnitz …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Legnica — Infobox Settlement name = Legnica imagesize = 250px image caption = Main square image shield = Legnica herb.svg pushpin pushpin label position = bottom subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Legnica — Escudo de Legnica. Legnica (en alemán: Liegnitz, en checo: Lehnice) es una ciudad situada en el sudoeste de Polonia. Pertenece al voivodato de la Baja Silesia y de acuerdo con el censo de 2005 contaba con una población de 106.122 habitantes. Es… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Legnica — /leg neet seuh/; Pol. /leg nee tsah/, n. a city in SW Poland: formerly in Germany. 75,800. German, Liegnitz. * * * ▪ Poland German  Liegnitz        city, Dolnośląskie województwo (province), southwestern Poland. It lies along the Kaczawa River in …   Universalium

  • Legnica — Original name in latin Legnica Name in other language Gorad Legnica, Legnica, Legnicja, Legica, Lehnice, Liegnitz, Lignica, Lignitium, Ligica, lai ge ni cha, legeunicha, lgnytsa, lgnyzh, regunitsuLegnicaa, Горад Легніца, Легница, Легниця State… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Legnica — Liegnitz (Dutch, German), Legnica (Polish) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Legnica — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Legnica Country and Admin Code PL.72.0262 PL …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Legnica — geographical name city SW Poland population 104,196 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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